Phalaenopsis is one of the easiest orchids to grow and the blooms can last for many months. They are an excellent choice for a beginner orchid parent.
LIGHT – These orchids don’t need a great amount of light. They really prefer a more shaded condition. Always filtered light – NEVER direct sunlight. If too much light is provided leaves will turn reddish or yellow-green. A medium green color indicates a good light level.
TEMPERATURE – Phals like warmth and prefer night temperatures above 60 degrees. 85 degrees during the day is ideal. To help initiate flowers, a period of lower night temps around 55-60 works best.
WATER – Keep phalaenopsis slightly damp at all times. These plants have no way to store water and therefore should not be allowed to dry out. It is important to water with tepid water and only in the morning so the leaves have a chance to dry out before night. If water is left in the crown of the leaves, a rot may develop so dry the crown before nightfall.
HUMIDITY – Should be around 70% to obtain the best growth. This can be provided by grouping plants together or to fill a tray with gravel and keep a layer of water in the bottom of the tray, making sure the bottom of the orchid pots do not come in contact with the water.
AIR MOVEMENT – This is essential to growing all orchids. Remember that they live in the tops of trees. This also helps the flowers to last for a longer period of time in pristine condition.
FERTILIZER – During growth periods, a 30-10-10 formulation should be used if growing in bark and a balanced formulation if other media is used. Do not feed during the winter months.
POTTING – Repot your phalaenopsis about once a year as it seems to like being repotted and it seems to encourage new growth. Many times the oldest leaf will die after repotting, it is a common occurrence. Most phalaenopsis will only have 3-5 leaves on the plant at one time.
Phalaenopsis biggest threat is the risk of rot. Be sure to keep the crown of the plants dry, especially at night. Also, be sure to groom your plants constantly, remove all old leaves and flowers, and check for bugs. These orchids are a very rewarding plant for the beginner due to their easy culture.